How the eSports Industry Fares Against Traditional Sports

The 25 Best Warren Buffett Quotes in One Infographic

Animation: The 20 Largest State Economies by GDP in the Last 50 Years

How the eSports Industry Fares Against Traditional Sports

The Future of 5G: Comparing 3 Generations of Wireless Technology

Chart: Which Universities Have the Richest Graduates?

The 25 Best Warren Buffett Quotes in One Infographic

How Americans Make and Spend Their Money, by Age Group

Which Countries Have the Most Wealth Per Capita?

Visualizing Over A Century of Global Fertility

How Millennial Doctors Are Transforming Medicine

The 10 Breakthrough Technologies That Will Define 2019

The Hidden Problem Looming Over the Cannabis Edibles Market

Ranked: The Worlds Largest Energy Sources

Visualizing U.S. Energy Use in One Giant Chart

Palladium: The Secret Weapon in Fighting Pollution

More Than a Precious Metal: How Platinum Improves Our World

Visualizing Coppers Role in the Transition to Clean Energy

Palladium: The Secret Weapon in Fighting Pollution

Our Impact on Climate Change and Global Land Use in 5 Charts

Mapping the Flow of the Worlds Plastic Waste

Animation: U.S. Electric Vehicle Sales (2010-19)

Visualizing the Happiest Country on Every Continent

Our animated chart this week uses data from the ninth Credit SuisseGlobal Wealth report, which ranks countries by average wealth, calculated as gross assets per adult citizen.

While using such a metric certainly gives a quick snapshot of wealth per capita, it doesnt necessarily show the complete picture.

Some argue, for example, that calculating the mean doesnt factor in the gap between the richest and poorest in a populationalso known aswealth inequality. For this reason, weve compared this number to median wealth for each country, providing a separate angle on which countries really have the most wealth per capita.

Below, weve visualized a hypothetical example of two groups of people, each earning various sums of money, to show how average (mean) and median calculations make a difference.

However, thats where the similarities end. In the first group, wealth is distributed more evenly, with the disparity between the lowest-paid and highest-paid being $300. The median wealth for this groupreaches $100, which is close to the average value. In the second group, this gap climbs to $495, and the median wealth drops sharply toonly $30.

Scaling up this example to the true wealth of nations, we can see how the median wealth provides a more accurate picture of the typical adult, especially in societies that are less equal.

Lets see how this shakes out when ranking the worlds most affluent countries.

When it comes to wealth per capita, its clear thatAustraliaandSwitzerlandlead the pack. In fact, the data shows that both nations top the lists for both mean and median wealth.

However, both nations also have the highest absolute householddebt-to-GDPratios in the world: in 2018, Switzerlands levels reached nearly 129%, while Australia followed behind at 120%.

Here is a full ranking of the top 20 countries by mean and median wealth:

TheUnited Statesboasts41% of the worlds millionaires, but its clear that the fruits of labor are enjoyed by only a select groupaverage wealth ($403,974) is almost seven times higher than median wealth ($61,667). This growing inequality gap knocks the country down to 18th place for median wealth.

The Nordic countries ofNorwayandDenmarkcan be found in the top ten for average wealth, but they drop to 12th place ($80,054) and 19th place ($60,999) respectively for median wealth. Despite this difference, these countries also provide a strong safety netincluding access to healthcare and educationto more vulnerable citizens.

Finally, wealth inJapanis fairly evenly distributed among its large middle class, which lands it in seventh place on the median wealth list at $103,861. One possible reason is that thepay gap ratiobetween Japanese CEOs and the average worker is much lower than other developed nations.

With reducing income inequality as a priority for many countries around the world, how might this list change in coming years?

Footnote: All data estimates are using mid-2018 values, and reflected in US$.

The Future of 5G: Comparing 3 Generations of Wireless Technology

Todays chart ranks the top 25 universities in the world by ultra-high net worth (UHNW) alumni and total wealth. Does your institution make the cut?

Higher education is often considered the first rung in the ladder of success.

Thats why thousands of students flock to top-tier universities around the world, hoping to translate their degrees into financial outcomes. After all, a degree from specific institutions can often mean that a wealthy and secure future is in the books.

With a new fall term just around the corner, todays chart relies on the third annualWealth-X reportranking of global universities with the most ultra-high net worth (UHNW) alumni. Weve also tracked their combined wealth, and how much each UHNW alumni makes on average.

The Wealth-X database defines ultra-high net worth alumni as those who own at least $30 million in assets. In addition, the alumni figures are based on the actual known UHNW individuals from each university, then projected based on the sample size to predict total alumni within the global UHNW population.

One caveat to note is that both bachelors and masters degree-holders have been considered, while UHNW individuals who may have attended more than one university have been counted twice. With that in mind, lets dive in.

Its immediately noticeable that a majority of universities on the list are located in the United States, with a high concentration on the East Coastincluding the elite Ivy League.

Established in 1636,Harvarddwarfs all its Ivy League counterparts for the richest graduates. Its 13,650 UHNW alumni is double that of second-place Stanford (5,580 UHNW alumni), with twice the total wealth to boot.

One way that Harvard falls short is when average UHNW alumni wealth is considered in this chart, withStanfordbeating it by a difference of $170 million per graduate. Regardless, its clear Harvard graduates go on to have a significant impact on the world. Notable alumni include political leaders such as former U.S. President Barack Obama, andbillionairessuch as Michael Bloomberg.

Interestingly,Princetonclimbs the charts for total alumni wealth ($1.1 trillion), despite a lower UHNW alumni count of just over 2,000but this also puts its wealth per graduate at a high of $516 million. Notable alumni from Princeton include Jeff Bezos and Steve Forbes. Meanwhile, Brown and Dartmouth are the only Ivy universities that dont make the list at all.

Zooming out, private universities dominate most of this list of richest graduates. In the United Kingdom,Cambridge,Oxford, and theLondon School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)have over 6,500 UHNW alumni combined. This represents a total of $1.08 trillion in wealth, an average of $174 million per UHNW grad.

Notable alumni and achievements from these institutions include:

Isaac Newton, Charles Darwin, Stephen Hawking

69 Nobel prize winners, Stephen Hawking, JRR Tolkien

18 Nobel prize winners, including political leaders

*LSEs label has been misrepresented in the original report as 26 instead of the actual 25.

Nearby in France, the graduate business schoolInstitut Europen dAdministration des Affaires (INSEAD)has a total of 1,956 UHNW alumni and $356 billion in combined wealthcontributed by CEOs of companies like Credit Suisse, Royal Dutch Shell, Ericsson, and Lego.

Its impressive that theNational University of Singapore (NUS)enters the list, with 1,890 UHNW alumni and an average of $46.6 million to their name. Graduates from NUS have gone on to become Singaporean prime ministers and presidents, as well as high-ranking officials in the WHO and UN Security Council.

Here are the full statistics for the top 25 universities worldwidedoes yours make the cut?

πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ The University of California Los Angeles

πŸ‡«πŸ‡· Institut Europen dAdministration des Affaires

πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§ London School of Economics and Political Science

According to the report, a majority of UHNW alumni from these universities are self-made millionaires, who became successful through their own efforts rather than relying on family fortune or social status.

Of course, the name of a university is one step to climb on the ladder. Whats often glossed over is how steep the tuition fees at private institutions are, which can rack up significantstudent debtover time.

Graduates fromBoston University,Columbia University, andNorthwestern Universityrelied the most on inheritance for their wealth, between 10-12%. A combination of both self-made and inherited wealth sources are also common for UHNW alumniand its not a stretch to say that it helped them pay off debts before focusing on their wealth creation.

See how 5G compares to older iterations of wireless technology, and why its poised to change the way the modern world uses data.

Wireless technology has evolved rapidly since the turn of the century. From voice-only 2G capabilities and internet-enabled 3G, todays ecosystem of wireless activity is founded on the reliable connection of 4G.

Fifth-generation wireless network technology, better known as 5G, is now being rolled out in major cities worldwide. By2024, an estimated 1.5 billion mobile userswhich account for 40% of current global activitywill be using 5G wireless networks.

Todays chart highlights three generations of wireless technology in the 21st century, and the differences between 3G, 4G, and 5G networks.

With over 5 billion mobile users worldwide, our world is growing more connected than ever.

Data fromGSMA Intelligenceshows how rapidly global traffic could grow across different networks:

But as with any new innovation, consumers should expect both positives and negatives as the technology matures.

5G networks will significantly optimize communication between the Internet of Things (IoT) devices to make our lives more convenient.

Also known as lag, latency is the time it takes for data to be transferred over networks. Users may see latency rates drop as low as one millisecond.

Real-time streaming may soon be a reality through 5G networks. Downloading a two-hour movie takes a whopping 26 hours over 3G networks and roughly six minutes on 4G networkshowever, itll only take3.6 secondsover 5G.

5G still has a way to go before it reaches mainstream adoption. Meanwhile, countries and cities are racing to install the infrastructure needed for the next wave of innovation to hit.

Since late 2018, over 25 countries have deployed 5G wireless networks. Notable achievements include South Korea, which became the first country globally to launch 5G wireless technology in April 2019. Switzerland boasts the highest number of 5G network deployments, currently at 225 and counting.

To date,Chinahas built roughly 350,000 5G sitescompared to the less than 20,000 in the U.S.and plans to invest an additional US$400 billion in infrastructure by 2023. Chinese mobile providers plan to launch 5G services starting in 2020.

4G isnt going anywhere anytime soon. As5G gradually rolls out, 4G and 5G networks will need to work together to support the wave of IoT devices entering the market. This network piggybacking also has the potential to expand global access to the internet in the future.

The race to dominate the wireless waves is even pushing companies like Chinas Huawei toexplore 6Gwireless innovationbefore theyve even launched their 5G networks.

Join the120,000+subscribers who receive our daily email